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Most of my feedback in the comment section of the paper are regarding your application of concepts. Your title includes “privilege” but that concept is not defined, conceptualized and used as an analytical frame for discussion Pro-choice and Pro-life perspectives. Another theme of my comments is that some of your statements assert a singular way of being. When you use terms like “always” or “singular”, especially when it comes to humans, this conceptualization is not accurate. Your recommendation section needs some tangible strategies of what you suggest to achieve a stated outcome. It would be powerful to somewhere in your paper include the example of Idaho approving a pro-life liscence plate but not won supporting justice and love (Too Great to Hate by the Human Rights Commission was not approved).

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Running head: SOCIOLOGY
Abortion and Privileges
Lisl Dye
Boise State University
GEN 480- Seminar in Gender Studies
Dr. Sharon Paterson
April 30, 2020
The abortion debate invokes different reactions across the world, and it differs between
men and women and between pro-lifers and pro-choice. The prior is bent on exterminating the
right to abortion while the latter feel that a woman is supposed to decide on what to do with her
body. Yet, the two groups have disagreed on the matter because of the moral dilemma that is
associated with the topic. Pro-choice argues that say a child bore out of rape or incest or is
generally unwanted; it would be burdensome to bring it to the world. Pro-life take the opposite
argument but then forget that the society expects the said woman to provide for the child all the
basic needs until it matures. So, the debate continues why a woman should not be allowed to
control her body, the effect of taking away the control, and how dangerous it would be to take
abortion away, among other concerns. The topic of abortion and privileges is necessary because
it presents the audience with reasons why women should have abortion rights without
disregarding the opinions of pro-life. In this light, the paper will conduct a sociological analysis
on abortion and recommend actions for the future on this highly debated issue.
Sociological Analysis and Insights
The pro-choice argument is that women should not have to face the magnitudes of action
alone, yet there were two participants. The debate is that if a woman gets pregnant and the man
takes off, there is no reason the latter should take responsibility for the baby alone. Additionally,
the decision should be left to women because men do not get pregnant. The sociological concept
that can be used to understand the argument that is often sidelined is the social conflict theory.
The approach states that society is a framework of groups that are unequal and, therefore,
consistently generate change and conflict (Simon, 2016). In this case, the groups are men and
women, thus, giving the former more options put them in an equal footing with the latter. Giving
women the right to abort prevents a child from being born out of hatred because a mother is
forced by the general to have it and not by choice. Additionally, the sociological concept
explains why the two sides that men and women are will always differ when the subject of
abortion is brought up.
Secondly, the single most essential factor that assists women to prosper in society is the
autonomy over their fertility. If they are deprived of control, they are imprisoned in the realism
of the prenatal period, childbearing, and birth. In the absence of abortion rights, carrying a child
becomes an unbearable burden instead of being a gift and a privilege. The socio-functional
theory is more than applicable in the situation where women are “put in their place” when their
reproductive freedom is taken away. The concept behind socio-functional is that society is
multifaceted and interconnected, where each group works together to function as a single unit
(Teodorescu, 2017). Taking away the right is a gambit that limits the role of women to having
children alone and conducting “wife’ duties. Yet, besides the task, they make an essential
contribution to the society that is unrealized if women are forced to have babies at an unwelcome
time. Agreeably, the pro-lifers argue in the guise that it is wrong to kill a fetus because it is
equivalent to a human being. However, the argument is incorrect because the church, which is
part of the society, is separate from the state. On this note, the pro-lifers do not define liberty as
the right to have the individual concept of existence, purpose, and the mystery of human life. It
implies that no woman plans to have an abortion, but it is a way of preventing unwanted
pregnancies. Irrefutably, women can take their positions and contribute to society without having
to deal with child duties and then decide when they should add responsibility at their own time.
As mentioned earlier, it should not be an unbearable burden to carry a child; thus, women have
the right to decide whether to keep or terminate a pregnancy.
Thirdly, abortion should not be seen as a means of running away from responsibilities as
the society may put it. It is about accepting that the consequences of unwanted pregnancies or
those that put women in danger outweigh the benefits. Thus, abortion can be viewed as taking
responsibility from a standpoint that it is irresponsible to bring an unwanted child into society.
The feminist sociology is applicable because most pro-choice are seen as pro-abortion. These
opinions can be understood from the perception that feminism is often misunderstood as a group
of women who are angry and only concerned about dominating men. Yet, when interpreted
correctly, feminists are only against the conservative inequality between men and women. In this
case, feminists argue that abortion gives women the right to control their life without conforming
to societal pressures (O’Donnell, 2017). They advocate for abortions for pregnancies that may
endanger women, and they believe that women should decide on what to do with their bodies.
Additionally, the feminists support abortion because of the misogynistic view associated with it.
When the argument about abortion comes up, terms such as “I believe” come up with no
particular reason as to why it should not be an option. The question is, would abortion be an
issue if men faced the likelihood of getting pregnant and bringing up a child because
contraception failed. If the other group argued with the query in mind, then the discussion about
abortion would have level ground. Irrefutably, Florence Kennedy would not have said it better
when she said that abortion would be a sacrament if men could get pregnant (Kirby, 2018).
Recommended Actions for the Future
The reports of deaths or complications of women trying to have abortions form the core
of the debate on abortion. The answer to why women would procure an abortion illegally would
be that the pregnancy is wanted, but the simple answer would pose more questions such as do
women have the right to have unwanted children. Do social structures have the power to compel
women to have unwanted children? The queries would go on, but each answer only raises
another question. On this note, the debate on abortion should bring to light that denying women
the right does not stop illegal abortions; it only prevents them from being safe. It should be noted
that around the globe, a substantial percentage of abortions are unlawful, and the repercussions
have led to fatalities (Aghaei et al., 2017). Additionally, the conventional doctrine is that the
state is separate from the church. Thus, as much as religious freedom is constitutional, it should
not be brought in the hospital. Conclusively, as feminists argue about equality, giving women
reproductive freedom will contribute to this end, but to achieve this, some recommendations
should be made.
The first recommendation towards the abortion debate is sex education, which allows
women and society to understand why women would want to procure an abortion. As the saying
goes, information is power; thus, the more people learn about abortion, the more their
perceptions will change. The socio-conflict theory that states that there will always be divergent
views that can be leveled by sex education. Additionally, the right to abortion should be viewed
as an essential tool towards gender equality and, therefore, included in the pregnancy rights
portfolio. The argument is that women are not only containers for the fetus but also human
beings with needs and rights as those of the unborn child. The feminism theory argues on this
right because the abortion debate affects women more than men. The limitation of these
recommendations is the popular view supported by pro-lifers in that society is not ready to
acknowledge that women have control over their bodies. Conclusively, abortion will remain a
heated topic because of the critique that it is morally wrong to kill a human being, which is the
fetus, but there is no consideration of the needs and rights of women.
Aghaei, F., Shaghaghi, A., & Sarbakhsh, P. (2017). A systematic review of the research evidence
on cross-country features of illegal abortions. Health Promotion Perspectives, 7(3), 117123.
Kirby, J. (2018). Fired Up about Reproductive Rights (Vol. 2). Between the Lines.
O’Donnell, K. S. (2017). Reproducing Jane: Abortion Stories and Women’s Political Histories.
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 43(1), 77-96.
Simon, R. M. (2016). The Conflict Paradigm in Sociology and the Study of Social Inequalities:
Paradox and Possibility. Theory in Action, 9(1), 31-35.
Teodorescu, A. (2017). The women–nature connection as a key element in the social
construction of Western contemporary motherhood. In Women and Nature. (pp. 99-117).

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