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Please choose ONE TOPIC from the Research paper topics file below,and write a research paper follow the requirements and the style sheet.PLEASE KINDLY READ CHECK THE style sheet and basic requirements. and PLEASE make sure write the paper follow the requirements!At least 5 pages,double space.




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Topics for Research Paper
1)The CIA and West Europe
2) The CIA and the arts and letters
3) The CIA and labor
4) The CIA and education, students
5) The USSR and the Congo
6) The CIA and Chile
7) The CIA and Cuba
8) The CIA and Vietnam
9) The CIA and the assassination of JFK
10) The CIA and British Guiana
A. General Points
1) The time frame for your paper must be that covered by this course, as follows:
—CH300, from the Renaissance-1815; CH400, from 1815-the present; SS249G, from 1947
(you may do historical stuff earlier than 1947) to the present
2) Sources: You MUST use at least at least: [1] 2 books, and [2] 2 articles (articles MUST be
ONLY from scholarly journals (you may use ONLY JSTOR as an online database, BUT NO
encyclopedias, no non-scholarly websites). DO NOT use the Craig text or any other text as one
of the 2 required books.
—–If you use a chapter from an edited volume, you must use AT LEAST 3 chapters from the
edited volume to have it count as 1 of the 2 required books.
3) If you do a paper that focuses on art (architecture, painting, etc.), or a paper about a person,
you MUST emphasize historical and not artistic aspects. Do not emphasize artistic aspects of
design, descriptions of columns, paints, or in the case of a person, do NOT include personal
details, childhood, etc.; instead, focus on the historical factors (economic, political, social, etc.)
that influenced that art or the historical factors that influenced the historically important activity of
the person you are writing about.
4) NO PICTURES or SHADING anywhere (graphs, charts, etc., are OK if necessary).
5) *YOU CANNOT use the web/internet or encyclopedias as sources for your Paper—
unless you use from the internet a scholarly article, book, newspaper article, etc. General-ly,
such scholarly articles (or books) are ONLY on JSTOR or other electronic database.
6) Do not copy from the source, especially long sections. Excessive copying directly is
plagiarism, which is a serious offense that can be penalized (you will receive a “0” grade, or
worse). Write in your own words. You may quote from a source, but be sure to include a
footnote or endnote for the citation.
—YOU Must Write Your Paper (all of it); You May Not Have Others Write or Edit Your Paper
(this includes editing the grammar, English, etc.).
7) All papers MUST be have least FIVE (5) pages of text (this does NOT include the separate
Title Page or Works Cited page)
8) Type throughout ENTIRE PAPER should be 12 point Times Roman Regular only (NO BOLD
ANYWHERE—This includes the cover page, title page, text pages, Biblio- graphy page, Works
Cited page, etc). Notes are in 10 point (the machine will do this).
9) Double space text only.
10) NO EXTRA SPACE separating paragraphs. New paragraphs are indented .5 (or ½) inch, or
5 spaces.
11) Include a title page (with title, author, class school, date, semester, etc.).
Research Paper Style Sheet-2
12) Generally avoid your personal opinions and “feelings.” This should be an objective and
hopefully deep analysis. Also avoid a general essay based on your “musings.”
13) Number all pages EXCEPT the first (Microsoft Word has a “Page Numbers” option for the
“Insert” menu).
14) The 2 required books and 2 required scholarly articles MUST be in English; you CAN use
sources in another language (e.g., Korean, Mandarin), but those sources are only in addition to
the required books and articles which MUST be in English.
15) You MUST include notes (at least 10 total) throughout the paper—whether MLA (in-text
notes), footnotes, or endnotes (you can choose any style you want)
16) Do NOT type entire words in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS. Some students do this for book and
journal article titles—THIS IS INCORRECT
17) Block Quotes: for any quotations that are more than four lines, place quotations in a block of
text and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented
½ inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing.
18) DO NOT write out numbers (e.g., do NOT write “seventy-two people”; it is correctly written
as “72 people”).
19) DO NOT waste space by writing an author’s name, the book title, etc. (as in “Joan Smith in
her book My Life At Pratt writes that…). Simply include what the author says.
B. Prevention of plagiarism, purchasing papers online, and other cheating
Sadly, there are always cases in which some students attempt to hand in a paper which they
have not written, or which they have copied. They may also “make up” sources, page numbers,
etc. This kind of dishonesty cannot be accepted.
Please make sure that you do NOT engage in any of the above dishonest behavior, and please
be aware that I MUST do my utmost to find it out; students who engage in such behavior will
receive an automatic “zero” (0) grade on their paper.
One way of finding out if students have not written a paper they have submitted is that the paper
is so perfectly written (the English, grammar, word usage, etc.) that it seems highly unlikely that
the student could have written it. You must write your paper; you MUST NOT ask someone else
to write your paper; DO NOT have someone in Pratt’s Writing Center help you write paper.
C. In-text citation
This is for citing a work in text.
The following phrases are examples of in-text citation:
—Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”
(Wordsworth 263).
Or if you mention the author in text, only the page number:
Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful
feelings” (263)
Works Cited or Bibliography: (The “Works Cited” page list sources at the very end, on a
separate page, with each source listed only once). The Works Cited or Bibliogra-phy goes on a
separate page, on the last page, with the titles Works Cited and Bibliogra-phy centered at the
top. DO NOT number sources listed. List them alphabetically by author’s last name, single
spaced, with an extra line space between each item.
Research Paper Style Sheet-3-
Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford UP, 1967. Print.
Nordhaus, William D. “After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming.”
American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. Print.
—. “Global Warming Economics.” Science 9 Nov. 2001: 1283-84. Science Online. Web. 24 May
Dean, Cornelia. “Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet.” New York Times. May 22, 2007.
Web. May 25, 2009.
*NOTE: You may use the footnotes/endnotes style; they include numbers placed throughout the
text for the purpose of citing sources used in the text. You use them to tell the reader where
she/he can look up the source of the information you have written.
D. What are the Ingredients of a Good Paper?
1) It STRICTLY follows the rules and suggestions of this Research Paper Style Sheet
2) It is a deep, well-thought-out critical analysis
3) It is well organized
4) It has clear hypotheses that are answered in the Paper
5) It is well-written, with perfect English (including perfect grammar, syntax, word usage)
a. It is concisely written (i.e., it uses as few words as possible and avoids using too many words
to say something) and not wordy
b. It avoids bad sentences (i.e., sentences that are: awkward; unclear; run-on; incomplete)
EX. of incomplete sentence: “Like in Venezuela and Cuba, where they say they are for the
people, they want equality, and they are against imperialism.”
EX. of run-on: “All attempts proved to be ineffective, and merely frustrated the US, this led to an
embargo on trade with Cuba in 1962 and a banishment from the Organization of American
States (OAS).”
EX. of unclear: “Because products cannot be purchased by another who has just sold, the two
independent actions lean on each other for support; if the level of either production or
consumption were to shift and make clear the imbalance caused by separation of sale and
purchase, it causes an economic crisis”
EX. of wordiness: “In the not too distant future, college freshmen must all become aware of the
fact that there is a need for them to make contact with an academic adviser concerning the
matter of a major” Corrected version of wordy sentence: “Soon college freshmen will need to
contact their advisors about their choice of majors”
6) It uses AT LEAST 2 books and 2 scholarly journal articles. Using MORE than 2 + 2 can
improve both the Paper and your grade
7) It avoids personal thoughts or general “musings” about a topic; instead, a good Paper will use
much empirical detail and facts to illustrate and prove a hypothesis
Research Paper Style Sheet-4-
EX.: A paper on 9/11 said the following, which is merely their “musins” or “thoughts” about 9/11,
and which is not important for the Research Paper. With all due respect, it is, frankly, a waste of
space: “The event is significant to every American old enough to remember it, and the phrase
“Where were you on 9/11” has become a sort of cultural touchstone to demonstrate that
everyone remembers the incident, that everyone had an experience connected to it. Whether
you were near or in the city and needed to make calls to assure loved ones are safe (or assure
to loved ones that you’re safe), or being remote from the event itself and watching the news,
horrified, since at the time it seemed so surreal, 9/11 is an event that everybody remembers.”
a. Make sure you include the who, what, when, where, how, and why in your Paper
8) It is not repetitive or wordy, i.e., it is written in as few words as possible and as are
necessary to make the point.
9) It avoids incorrect word usage (e.g., do NOT use the word “majorly”; do NOT use the word
“said,” as in “said speech was made…”; know difference between use of “its” and “it’s”; know
difference between “were” and “where”)
(10) Any time you mention a person, institution, agency, committee, etc., you MUST explain
them and what they are, especially in the context of your discussion. If you do not, the reader
will not know who the person is, and therefore will not follow your point
EX.: “During Reagan’s administration, the NSC hired Oliver North as its political liaison. This
meant that Oliver North, Robert McFarlane, and John Poindexter were mechanically in charge
of fulfilling the president’s direct wishes.”
10) Avoid long quotes (use block quote if the quote goes for more than 4 lines; it should rarely
be MORE THAN 6 lines).
11) As a rule, DO NOT include the author and title of book or article (e.g., “as James Smith,
writing in his book How I Succeeded at Pratt said…”). Simply state the relevant information
without mentioning the author or title.
Topics for Research Paper
1)The CIA and West Europe
2) The CIA and the arts and letters
3) The CIA and labor
4) The CIA and education, students
5) The USSR and the Congo
6) The CIA and Chile
7) The CIA and Cuba
8) The CIA and Vietnam
9) The CIA and the assassination of JFK
10) The CIA and British Guiana
Important Basic Requirements and Points for Research Paper
1) If you use JSTOR, you must BE CAREFUL NOT to follow JSTOR’s style, as it is not
necessarily correct. For example, JSTOR cites books or articles with authors’ names (or titles)
in all capital letters. This is INCORRECT. The correct form is upper and lower case letters.
a. The following example is INCORRECT because the title is in all capitals: Singh, Vijay
Bahadur. “CHINA’S CULTURAL REVOLUTION.” The Indian Journal of Political Science, vol.
29, no. 4, 1968, pp. 329–334.
2) In most cases, a conclusion is NOT NECESSARY in your Paper. An introduction, however, is
good and helpful, as it introduces the main ideas and perspective of the Paper
3) Include place of publication in all citations (e.g., New York: Little Brown and Company)
a. Example: Suyin, Han. Wind in the Tower Mao Tsetung and the Chinese Revolution. Place
of Publication should go here: New York: Little Brown and Company, 1976. Print.
4) 12 Times Roman for ENTIRE text of paper (NO BOLD anywhere). Footnotes, of course, are
in 8 point; black only, NO COLOR ANYWHERE, including on Title Page; do not use shading
5) Note: You MUST have a minimum of 2 notes/page, minimum of 10 notes total for Paper
6) You do NOT include the chapter title (in parentheses) in any citation for a book, UNLESS it is
a chapter in an edited volume.
a. The following is an example (it is incorrect): Klatch, Rebecca E. “The Future of the New
Right.” Women of the New Right. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987
7) Number pages. The Title Page is NOT numbered. The first (text) page is NOT numbered, so
numbering therefore begins on text page 2 (in other words, there is no page “1” numbering)
8) Avoid making paragraphs too long. Generally, maximum 12 lines for a paragraph
9) NO extra (verticle) space between paragraphs. Each paragraph (except the first in the Paper)
is indented .5 inch.
10) In Works Cited or Bibliography, each unit of citation is SINGLE SPACED, with 1 line space
between each unit. You may indent all lines after the first line
11) Center “Works Cited” or “Bibliography”
12) The first text page is NOT indented
13) If you mention names of people, institutions, organizations, etc., they must be known and
understood to the reader. If not, you must explain who or what they are or were
14) You MAY NOT use the Craig, or any other class text, as a source for your Paper
15) Plagiarism. You must write in your own words. If you do not, you are committing
plagiarism—this means that you have copied all or almost all of a source (without attribution),
and it (as noted in the Syllabus) is a serious violation of ethics. Even if you change only a few
words in a sentence or paragraph while leaving MOST of the words the same, it is still
plagiarism. Any Paper which plagiarizes will have a severe penalty imposed.

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